Preto & Branco

The Year in Retrospective

Looking back on the year about to end, it is important to highlight, from my point of view, some aspects that marked the national news:

January 2020: The President of the Republic takes office for the second term. On the occasion, Nyusi had promised a young government team prepared to ‘run’ with a view to materializing his electoral manifesto.

February 11, 2020: During a rally in the city of Pemba, during the session of the Council of Ministers in that city, the President of the Republic announced the death of Kalungano, Lilinho Micaia – Marcelino dos Santos. First water nationalist and veteran of the National Liberation Struggle, dos Santos represented the intellectual cream of the libertarian ideals of Portuguese space in Africa. He had met and privately with Cabral, Neto, King Hassan II of Morocco, etc.

February 17, 2020: Mário da Graça Machungo died in Lisbon as a result of illness. In addition to several ministerial portfolios, he was the first Prime Minister of Mozambique during the Chissano administration.

March 2020: As a result of the spread of Covid-19 around the world and the increasing number of deaths and responding to calls issued by WHO, for the first time in the history of Mozambique, the President of the Republic decreed the State of Emergency that was renovated on three occasions. At the time, Mozambicans, generally speaking, followed the restrictive measures imposed by the presidential decree. There was a generalized fear of death due to the number of deaths in the so-called developed world. In the middle there were catastrophic projections for Africa due to the well-known problems, such as the lack of a reliable health infrastructure, qualified personnel and medicines. In fact, an apocalypse was anticipated on the continent. Thankfully, at least so far,


From April 2020: The boldness and incursiveness of terrorists in the northern districts of Cabo Delgado intensifies. In apparently coordinated actions, they simultaneously attack several districts, with some even occupying the host villages for consecutive days. Forced migrations of hundreds of thousands of people take on proportions of a serious humanitarian crisis. The response of the humanitarian agencies does not seem to be coordinated at first and quite incipient. The death toll from the criminals’ barbaric action is quite disputed, depending on the sources. But the fact is that it amounts to more than two thousand. There is a clear tactical and operational weakness of the Defense and Security Forces which, despite the support of mercenaries (never publicly accepted by the government), seem to be losing ground to terrorists.

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