Preto & Branco

The Year in Retrospective

Looking back on the year about to end, it is important to highlight, from my point of view, some aspects that marked the national news:

January 2020: The President of the Republic takes office for the second term. On the occasion, Nyusi had promised a young government team prepared to ‘run’ with a view to materializing his electoral manifesto.

February 11, 2020: During a rally in the city of Pemba, during the session of the Council of Ministers in that city, the President of the Republic announced the death of Kalungano, Lilinho Micaia – Marcelino dos Santos. First water nationalist and veteran of the National Liberation Struggle, dos Santos represented the intellectual cream of the libertarian ideals of Portuguese space in Africa. He had met and privately with Cabral, Neto, King Hassan II of Morocco, etc.

February 17, 2020: Mário da Graça Machungo died in Lisbon as a result of illness. In addition to several ministerial portfolios, he was the first Prime Minister of Mozambique during the Chissano administration.

March 2020: As a result of the spread of Covid-19 around the world and the increasing number of deaths and responding to calls issued by WHO, for the first time in the history of Mozambique, the President of the Republic decreed the State of Emergency that was renovated on three occasions. At the time, Mozambicans, generally speaking, followed the restrictive measures imposed by the presidential decree. There was a generalized fear of death due to the number of deaths in the so-called developed world. In the middle there were catastrophic projections for Africa due to the well-known problems, such as the lack of a reliable health infrastructure, qualified personnel and medicines. In fact, an apocalypse was anticipated on the continent. Thankfully, at least so far,

 

From April 2020: The boldness and incursiveness of terrorists in the northern districts of Cabo Delgado intensifies. In apparently coordinated actions, they simultaneously attack several districts, with some even occupying the host villages for consecutive days. Forced migrations of hundreds of thousands of people take on proportions of a serious humanitarian crisis. The response of the humanitarian agencies does not seem to be coordinated at first and quite incipient. The death toll from the criminals’ barbaric action is quite disputed, depending on the sources. But the fact is that it amounts to more than two thousand. There is a clear tactical and operational weakness of the Defense and Security Forces which, despite the support of mercenaries (never publicly accepted by the government), seem to be losing ground to terrorists.

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Between Mozambique and Tanzania Cross-border pact to combat terrorists • Nyusi announces clemency to repentant terrorists After the agreement signed last year, for the exchange of information on the incursions of armed groups, between Mozambique and Tanzania, this week, in a high-level meeting, the Mozambican statesman, Filipe Nyusi, and that of Tanzania, John Magufuli, sealed the cross-border pact to corner the terrorist group that has been plaguing the northern province of Cabo Delgado since 2017, and which has the Tanzanian territory as the gateway to Mozambique and the retreat zone. At a high-level meeting, held on Monday (January 11), in Tanzania, between Mozambican President Filipe Nyusi and his counterpart John Magufuli, both accompanied by high-ranking defense and security forces, action strategies were discussed. joint and coordinated efforts to trap the group of insurgents, such as terrorist modus operandi, with foreign leaders, who perpetrate terror in districts of Cabo Delgado province, claiming lives and destroying social and economic infrastructure. Life and death pact After this meeting that lasted about three hours, in Tanzanian territory but close to Cabo Delgado, the President of the Republic, Filipe Nyusi, already in Mozambican territory, without going into details, explains the pact as follows: “Tanzania is saying who prefers to die with us “. Officially, Tanzania, a country bordering Mozambique, through Cabo Delgado, has expressed its willingness to cooperate with Mozambique in the fight against armed groups in this province, whose attacks, which date back to 2017, have been classified since last year. by the Mozambican state and international authorities threatening terrorism. As a result of the meeting, before the press in Cabo Delgado, Filipe Nyusi preferred to start with a contextual approach, referring that the purpose of the visit was to deepen the relations of friendship and cooperation, stressing that relations must always be aligned, not being a finished product, then focusing on security issues. “It was an unavoidable theme due to the reality that our country lives. We want to develop Mozambique and the Tanzanians want to develop Tanzania. They want water and energy. They want good housing, roads and food and these things only happen safely. So, at all times when discussing the development of a country or society, security is automatically discussed. We gave our points of view and explained what the current reality of Mozambique is, ”said the Mozambican statesman, without giving details of the content of the security dialogue with his Tanzanian counterpart. In reference to the attacks in Cabo Delgado and in the center of the country, he said: “we transmitted our information in the scope of security in the north and center operational theater. We affirm that we will return to the meetings of the mixed commissions between Mozambique and Tanzania, including in the area of Defense and Security “, said the statesman, considering the meeting as positive. It is recalled that in November, Mozambique and Tanzania signed an agreement to exchange information on the incursions of armed groups. At the time, Bernardino Rafael, Commander-General of Police of the Republic of Mozambique (PRM), after signing the document that also took place in Tanzania, said that “the agreement provides that we work together to control the border of the Rovuma, working with the populations to denounce the possible movement of terrorists “, revealed, so the most recent meeting was even to seal this cross-border pact to fight these terrorist groups that find” hiding place “in Tanzania without relent. Mercy to recruits … The Mozambican statesman, at a press conference from Cabo Delgado, in the city of Pemba, after the working visit to Tanzania, called for vigilance among the youth of the affected regions, adding that many young people who agreed to join the groups rebels are seriously sorry. “They received several promises and are not seeing the results. They are being directed by people who do not know or know what language they speak. You are not nature killers,” said Filipe Nyusi, in a message addressed to young people recruited for the infamous incursions, recommending them to surrender to the authorities and that they will have due clemency. “Find a way to talk to the Defense and Security Forces so that you can get back to all of us. We will do everything for the Mozambican people to understand that they have been manipulated and used. You are not murderers by nature, you are being moved to that war ”, considered Filipe Nyusi. To demonstrate his willingness to grant mercy to repentant terrorists, the statesman explained what happened during the last attack on Matemo Island in the Ibo district last week, pointing out that the youths who entered Matemo were repelled by the Defense Forces and Safety. “They did everything for everything so that the same young people could go out peacefully because they knew that“ they are innocent ”, he said. Divided military junta In addition to Cabo Delgado, Filipe Nyusi also spoke of the situation in the central part of the country, specifically Manica and Sofala, where the Renamo Military Junta continues to carry out armed attacks against civilians and property, including taking lives as it happened last Saturday. Flipe Nyusi said that he knew that there are divisions in the Military Junta, with two distinct groups, considering that “the majority is aware that this war does not have to be waged, therefore, those who think this way will receive them. We are going to leave Nhongo alone ”or“ with this group ”with which he insists on carrying out attacks, the statesman said. To those who intend to return to society, Filipe Nyusi appealed that they “do not hesitate” to contact the authorities “because they were not made to kill” their own parents or siblings and promised to continue with the spirit of forgiveness that characterizes their governance.

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