Preto & Branco

On the Truce with the Nyongo Military Junta

The President of the Republic announced on Saturday that he would instruct the Defense and Security Forces (FDS) to observe a week-long truce in the ‘pursuit’ of the military junta of bandit Mariano Nhongo. I call it a bandit, because the one who takes the life of the defenseless population, destroys public and private property for whatever reason is BANDIDO, FACÍNORA. The justification of PR Nyusi for this decision is related to the need to open corridors to talk.

What was not clear in the PR’s speech is whether there was an approximation of the Nyongo group or is it a calculated PR initiative. If there was a Nhongoist approach, it could mean wear and tear and your expectations and your group’s expectations of achieving whatever they might have designed have been frustrated. The opposite may also be happening. If it was the PR that signaled this gesture, it could mean some wear on the ground and the possible need to reinforce the Teatro Operacional Norte with the human and material resources that are dispersed in the central region of Mozambique.

In any case, if the lines of ‘dialogue’ are opened up as it is intended, it will be necessary to involve other sectors of society, including political parties, in order to depart from the secrets that normally characterize secret bilateral negotiations that, as a general rule, they involve promises of perks and big bills for certain individuals directly involved, and most are ‘watching ships’. The participation of a broader base can bring greater commitment from the parties. However, there is a risk of dragging the process on for a long time, which does not interest anyone.

We definitely need to get out of this vicious cycle of peace negotiations. Since 1975, the following peace agreements in Mozambique count:

  1. 1984 – Nkomati Agreement, also known as the Good Neighbor Agreement with the Republic of South Africa of Apartheid with a view to ending the aggression on our territory and supporting the then rebel movement – Renamo;
  2. 1992 – Rome Agreements – which, after two years of negotiations, ended the war for some civil wars and for others destabilization (depending on schools of thought and ideological positioning);
  3. September 2014 Agreement – between the government and Renamo on the eve of the 2015 presidential, legislative and provincial assemblies elections;
  4. Agreements Cessation of Military Hostilities between the government and Renamo on August 1, 2019 in Gorongosa;
  5. Definitive Peace Agreement of 6 August 2019 – again between the government and Renamo.


Now one more prospect with the Board of the facínora!

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